A number of uncommon animal species have been reported in Murree including the leopard inhabiting the neighboring district of Galiyat. Rhesus monkey, wild boar, foxes and various bird species, including cheer pheasant and kalij pheasant, are common animals. The Murree vole, a rodent species native to Pakistan, derives its name from Murree. The atmosphere at Murree is erratic. It can alter anytime.
The economy and whole life of Murree is strongly dependent on its weather conditions. This has four distinctive seasons in the whole year.
• In Murree the spring begins in March and ends in mid-May. Throughout this time , the average temperature ranges from twelve to twenty and a minimum of four to ten. In this area this season is bringing heavy rain and hail storms. The flowers laden with fruit trees provide a spectacular view.
• Summer begins in mid-June and ends in August. During this season, the lowest temperature is between 13 and 16 degrees Celsius while the maximum temperature is between 20 and 25 degrees Centigrade. This is the best season in the area and it is during this season that most tourists visit this area.
• The autumn begins with the arrival of September and lasts until winter begins in early December. Temperatures in this season remain mild. During the autumn, clear sky could be seen in the region when one can enjoy full view of the mountains around without cloud barriers.
• Winter starts in December, usually bringing heavy snowfall. For much of the season Murree and its surrounding areas are coated with dense sheets of snow. Temperature drifts often below a freezing point.
Paharai is the regionally spoken dialect within the area. It is quite different from the language of the same name spoken in Hamachal Pradesh and other parts of Northern India on the southern slopes of the Himalays. The language spoken in Murree is a blend of the languages of Hindko, Potohari and Hinko that is spoken in Rawalpindi, Hazara, and Kashmir ‘s western and south west sides. Punjabi / Potohari is spoken with minor differences in all of the hilly areas of Rawalpindi district including Murree, Kahuta and Kotli Sattian.
Customs and Traditions Being a tourist attraction or due to the outsiders coming to the city, local tradition has changed a lot. The local population was given the ability to communicate with the visitors, and gradually shared their culture with them.
Given that Murree is related to the division of Hazara, local tradition is very similar to theirs. The local tradition consists of two main Dhand, Chandia, and Ratnia clans. Both of the clans are offspring of two Rajput rulers. Those rulers were descendants of Gahi, ruler of a Delhi tract. These people deny eating with other Muhammadans. They don’t even let their cooking vessels touch. At their weddings, they retain the Hindu customs. Barat or procession, longing for two to three days, is usually the hosting place for Bride’s father. Also, they maintained numerous other Hindu social observances. Polygamy is fairly common among these people and they seldom marry outside the tribal community.
Buildings and Visitor Destinations
There are different headquarters of Pakistan Army’s 12th Infantry Division at Murree. Other than that there are a large number of Pakistan Army educational and training institutions. These establishments are located in Upper Topa, Kuldana and Barain. There is a Combined Military Hospital (CMH) established to provide health facilities for Murree people and neighboring areas. The Air Force of Pakistan has its headquarters in Lower Topa.
The most prominent hill station in Pakistan is Murree, which lies 50 kilometers northeast of Islamabad, Pakistani capital. It is a mountainous region forming part of the outer Himalayas and is situated in the Himalayan foothills at a reasonable altitude of 7500 feet (2286 metres) at 33 54′′ 30′′ north latitude and 73 26 east longitude. This region includes four major supers, which are rising slowly. Murree city itself is highest among them, 7500 feet high. Patriata, Kuldana and Gharial are the rest. It is bordered by the Jehlum River in the east, the Abbottabad and Heripur NWFP districts to the north and west, the Islamabad Capital Territory to the southwest and the Rawalpindi district of Kotli Sattian Tehsil (town) to the south.
In 1847 Major James Abbott (Officer of the Indian Army) first named Murree or Marhee as a possible hill station.
The early establishment of the city was founded in 1851 by Sir Henry Lawrence, Chairman of the Punjab Administrative Board. It was first built as a sanatorium for British forces on the Afghan border. The municipality was formally established in 1850.
In 1853 the lasting city of Murree was built at Sunnybank. In May 1857, the church was consecrated and the main road, Jinnah Road, originally known as Mall Road and still commonly referred to as “The Mall,” was built. Opposite the church there were built the most important commercial institutions, the Post Office, general traders of European merchandise, tailors and a millinery. Access to Mall Road was restricted to ‘natives’ (non-Europeans) until 1947.
A uprising against the British occurred during the summer of 1857. The local tribes of Murree and Hazara, including the Dhund Abbasis and others, assaulted the weakened British Army garrison in Murree; however, the British ultimately overcame the tribes and capitulated. Murree was the summer headquarters of the local government of Punjab from 1873 to 1875; after 1876 the headquarters were moved to Shimla.
The rail connection to Lahore, the capital of the Province of Punjab, via Rawalpindi, made Murree a common destination for Punjab officials, and the villas and other houses built for English family accommodation gave it a European touch. The houses topped the top and sides of an triangular plateau, during the summer the surrounding hills were lined with British troop encampments, while the station itself was packed with European tourists from the plains and travelers to Kashmir. A service tangas connected it to Rawalpindi.
It was mentioned as follows in District Rawalpindi Gazetteer, 1893–94:
Murree’s sanatorium sits at north latitude 33 ° 54′ 30′′ and east longitude 73 ° 26′ 30′′, at an elevation of 7,517 feet (2,291 m ) above sea level, which had a standing population of 1,768 people, which was, however, greatly increased during the [May – November] season due to the influx of tourists and their accompanying servants and shopkeepers. It is the most open hill station in the Punjab, being only a five-hour ride by tonga dak away from Rawalpindi. Magnificent views of the snow-crowned mountains of Kashmir are to be achieved in the spring and autumn; and magnificent sunset and cloud effects seen daily during the rains [July – August]. Parts of the station are also well wooded and pretty, especially the Kashmir end.
In 1901 the town’s permanent population was 1,844; this could have been as large as 10,000 if summer tourists had been included. In 2018 Murree earned 9.1 million mainly in the tourist season beginning from early January and finishing in mid October. In tourist months Footfall stays employ ranging from 20,000 to 25,500 visitors. Domestic T&T spent PKR 89 billion in Pakistan In 2018, it spent 30 per cent of overall domestic T&T budget. Saisonal. Murree Economy relays heavily on standalone tourism 481,000 Jobs are created on average every year in Murree. Contributing 30 per cent of overall spending on domestic T&T in 2018. Saisonal. Murree Economy relays heavily on standalone tourism 481,000 Jobs are generated on average per year in Murree.